It came up in conversation on Twitter last night, so I thought I’d share with you all. I only have a hard copy, so I scanned it and made it a .pdf. I’m not super tech-savvy, so I’m not sure how to make it look any more pleasing to the eye. But if you click that link, you should be able to read the paper.
For those of you who don’t know, Section 28 of the Local Government Act 1988 banned the “promotion” of homosexuality in British schools and by British local councils. It is what galvanised the lesbian and gay movements into coalescing. From the struggle against Section 28, an alliance emerged that would produce, among other notable groups, Stonewall.
This, to me, has always been the genesis of what we consider the “gay rights movement” in the UK. There were disparate groups before Section 28, sure, but they didn’t have the political successes that the movement would experience in the 1990s, 2000s, and 2010s. This is down to several factors, including – ironically – that Section 28 had the whole nation talking about homosexuality, which is exactly what it was meant to stop.
The 1980s saw a slowing of progress on gay rights, brought on by Thatcher, yes, but also by the Aids crisis. Section 28 was an overreaction by Conservative backbenchers to what was a minor controversy in London. In this paper, I try to put these events, and others, into historic context to give a picture of the birth of the modern British LGBT rights movement.
A few things to remember when reading this:
- I wrote this eight years ago as a student. It is only about 28 pages long (double-spaced, as was required). So it is by no means exhaustive. It is simply my contribution.
- My writing has (hopefully!) matured and improved since my early 20s. Please be kind
- I’m American, and was only two years old in 1988. So I don’t have a memory of these events. Some of you may remember things differently, and I would love to hear from you
I hope you find this as interesting as I do, and that you enjoy the paper.
Finally, this seemed to be a big hit on Twitter last night, so I leave you with a video of the Lesbian Avengers abseiling into the House of Lords to protest what was then known as Clause 28.